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Amakali, T R, Cook, G and Larsen, G D (2012) Striving for inclusive design in the built environment: Learning strategy adopted by policy implementers at Local Authorities in England . In: Smith, S.D (Ed.), Proceedings 28th Annual ARCOM Conference, 3-5 September 2012, Edinburgh, UK. Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 285–94.

Ballesteros-Pérez, P, Sanz-Ablanedo, E, Soetanto, R, González-Cruz, M C, Larsen, G D and Cerezo-Narváez, A (2020) Duration and Cost Variability of Construction Activities: An Empirical Study. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 146(01).

Boyd, P, Larsen, G D and Schweber, L (2014) Perspectives on the specification of Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) technology in construction projects. In: Raiden, A and Aboagye-Nimo, E (Eds.), Proceedings 30th Annual ARCOM Conference, 1-3 September 2014, Portsmouth, UK, Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 153–62.

Boyd, P, Larsen, G D and Schweber, L (2015) The co-development of technology and new buildings: incorporating building integrated photovoltaics. Construction Management and Economics, 33(05), 349-60.

Dania, A A, Larsen, G D and Ewart, I J (2014) Sustainable construction: Exploring the capabilities of Nigerian construction firms. In: Raiden, A and Aboagye-Nimo, E (Eds.), Proceedings 30th Annual ARCOM Conference, 1-3 September 2014, Portsmouth, UK, Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 3–12.

De Place Hansen, E J and Larsen, J N (2011) Employment and winter construction: a comparative analysis of Denmark and western European countries with a similar climate. Construction Management and Economics, 29(09), 875–90.

Duman, D U, Green, S D and Larsen, G D (2017) Competitive Strategy And The Role Of Narrative Infrastructure: The Case Of Turkish Contractors . In: Chan, P W and Neilson, C J (Eds.), Proceedings 33rd Annual ARCOM Conference, 4-6 September 2017, Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge, UK. Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 622–631.

Duman, D U, Green, S D and Larsen, G D (2019) Historical narratives as strategic resources: analysis of the Turkish international contracting sector. Construction Management and Economics, 37(07), 367–83.

Green, S D, Harty, C, Elmualim, A A, Larsen, G D and Kao, C C (2008) On the discourse of construction competitiveness. Building Research & Information, 36(05), 426–35.

Green, S D, Kao, C and Larsen, G D (2010) Contextualist Research: Iterating between Methods While Following an Empirically Grounded Approach. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 136(01), 117–26.

Green, S D, Larsen, G D and Kao, C-C (2008) Competitive strategy revisited: contested concepts and dynamic capabilities. Construction Management and Economics, 26(01), 63–78.

Haugbølle, K, Larsen, J N and Nielsen, J (2019) Construction productivity revisited: towards measuring performance of construction output. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 26(05), 794–813.

  • Type: Journal Article
  • Keywords: Organization; Innovation; Process; Value management; Management; Productivity;
  • ISBN/ISSN: 0969-9988
  • URL: https://doi.org/10.1108/ECAM-03-2018-0094
  • Abstract:
    Construction is repeatedly criticised for its low productivity based on statistical data that do not represent the output of construction adequately. The purpose of this paper is to improve the understanding of construction output – being the numerator in construction productivity calculations – by focussing on changes in quantity of the products, product characteristics and composition of the aggregate rather than as changes in price. Design/methodology/approach The research design of this study applies statistical data from the national accounts along with data from four paradigmatic case studies of social housing projects covering a period of 50 years. Findings The results indicate that while construction output prices have increased threefold over the past 50 years, improvements in performance can only explain approximately 20 per cent. Research limitations/implications The developed four-step method has demonstrated its value as a means to measure changes in the characteristics of the product, but more studies on the actual figures and results over time and regions are required before solid conclusions can be drawn. Social implications This study has added new knowledge of construction output that supports the development of a more accurate construction statistics, which in turn can assist the design of more effective and evidence-based policies for improving construction productivity. Originality/value This paper describes and demonstrates a novel performance-based methodology for addressing changes in the characteristics of the products in a longitudinally perspective, which can potentially provide a better understanding of changes in productivity.

Kao, C-C, Green, S D and Larsen, G D (2009) Emergent discourses of construction competitiveness: localized learning and embeddedness. Construction Management and Economics, 27(10), 1005–17.

Koch, C and Larsen, A (2018) Performance of Retrofit with ICT of Social Housing – Proving Technology Optimists Wrong?. In: Gorse, C and Neilson, C J (Eds.), Proceedings 34th Annual ARCOM Conference, 3-5 September 2018, Queen’s University, Belfast, UK. Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 667–676.

Koch, C and Larsen, C S (2006) Quality in construction: a supply chain perspective. In: Boyd, D (Ed.), Proceedings 22nd Annual ARCOM Conference, 4-6 September 2006 Birmingham, UK. Association of Researchers in Construction Management, Vol. 1, 459–69.

Koch, C and Larsen, C S (2007) User driven innovation in mobile technologies?. In: Boyd, D (Ed.), Proceedings 23rd Annual ARCOM Conference, 3-5 September 2007, Belfast, UK. Association of Researchers in Construction Management, Vol. 2, 481–91.

Larsen, G D (2005) A Polymorphic Framework for Understanding the Diffusion of Innovations within the UK Construction Industry, Unpublished PhD Thesis, School of Construction Management and Engineering, University of Reading.

Larsen, G D (2005) Horses for courses: relating innovation diffusion concepts to the stages of the diffusion process. Construction Management and Economics, 23(08), 787-92.

Larsen, G D (2011) Understanding the early stages of the innovation diffusion process: awareness, influence and communication networks. Construction Management and Economics, 29(10), 987–1002.

Larsen, G D and Ballal, T M A (2005) The diffusion of innovations within a UKCI context: an explanatory framework. Construction Management and Economics, 23(01), 81-91.

Larsen, G D and Whyte, J (2013) Safe construction through design: perspectives from the site team. Construction Management and Economics, 31(06), 675-90.

Larsen, J, K, Lindhard, S, M, Brunoe, T. D and Jensen, KN (2018) The Relation between Pre-planning, Commissioning and Enhanced Project Performance. Construction Economics and Building, 18(02), 1-14.

Lindhard, S and Larsen, J K (2016) Identifying the key process factors affecting project performance. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 23(05), 657-73.

Maradza, E, Whyte, J and Larsen, G D (2014) Interactive learning in UK construction practice: examining the role of BIM process standards. In: Raiden, A and Aboagye-Nimo, E (Eds.), Proceedings 30th Annual ARCOM Conference, 1-3 September 2014, Portsmouth, UK, Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 613–22.

Marsh, R, Larsen, V G and Kragh, M (2010) Housing and energy in Denmark: past, present, and future challenges. Building Research & Information, 38(01), 92–106.

Mejlænder-Larsen, & (2017) Using a change control system and building information modelling to manage change in design. Architectural Engineering and Design Management, 13(01), 39–51.

Mejlænder-Larsen, & (2019) A three-step process for reporting progress in detail engineering using BIM, based on experiences from oil and gas projects. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 26(04), 648–67.

Piroozfar, P, Altan, H and Popovic-Larsen, O (2012) Design for sustainability: A comparative study of a customized modern method of construction versus conventional methods of construction. Architectural Engineering and Design Management, 8(01), 55-75.

Rohde, L, Jensen, R L, Larsen, O K, Jønsson, K T and Larsen, T S (2021) Holistic indoor environmental quality assessment as a driver in early building design. Building Research & Information, 49(04), 460–81.

Rohde, L, Steen Larsen, T, Jensen, R L, Larsen, O K, Jønsson, K T and Loukou, E (2020) Determining indoor environmental criteria weights through expert panels and surveys. Building Research & Information, 48(04), 415–28.