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Amakali, T R, Cook, G and Larsen, G D (2012) Striving for inclusive design in the built environment: Learning strategy adopted by policy implementers at Local Authorities in England . In: Smith, S.D (Ed.), Proceedings 28th Annual ARCOM Conference, 3-5 September 2012, Edinburgh, UK. Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 285–94.

Ballesteros-Pérez, P, Sanz-Ablanedo, E, Soetanto, R, González-Cruz, M C, Larsen, G D and Cerezo-Narváez, A (2020) Duration and Cost Variability of Construction Activities: An Empirical Study. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 146(01).

Boyd, P, Larsen, G D and Schweber, L (2014) Perspectives on the specification of Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) technology in construction projects. In: Raiden, A and Aboagye-Nimo, E (Eds.), Proceedings 30th Annual ARCOM Conference, 1-3 September 2014, Portsmouth, UK, Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 153–62.

Boyd, P, Larsen, G D and Schweber, L (2015) The co-development of technology and new buildings: incorporating building integrated photovoltaics. Construction Management and Economics, 33(05), 349-60.

Dania, A A, Larsen, G D and Ewart, I J (2014) Sustainable construction: Exploring the capabilities of Nigerian construction firms. In: Raiden, A and Aboagye-Nimo, E (Eds.), Proceedings 30th Annual ARCOM Conference, 1-3 September 2014, Portsmouth, UK, Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 3–12.

De Place Hansen, E J and Larsen, J N (2011) Employment and winter construction: a comparative analysis of Denmark and western European countries with a similar climate. Construction Management and Economics, 29(09), 875–90.

Duman, D U, Green, S D and Larsen, G D (2017) Competitive Strategy And The Role Of Narrative Infrastructure: The Case Of Turkish Contractors . In: Chan, P W and Neilson, C J (Eds.), Proceedings 33rd Annual ARCOM Conference, 4-6 September 2017, Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge, UK. Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 622–631.

Duman, D U, Green, S D and Larsen, G D (2019) Historical narratives as strategic resources: analysis of the Turkish international contracting sector. Construction Management and Economics, 37(07), 367–83.

Green, S D, Harty, C, Elmualim, A A, Larsen, G D and Kao, C C (2008) On the discourse of construction competitiveness. Building Research & Information, 36(05), 426–35.

Green, S D, Kao, C and Larsen, G D (2010) Contextualist Research: Iterating between Methods While Following an Empirically Grounded Approach. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 136(01), 117–26.

Green, S D, Larsen, G D and Kao, C-C (2008) Competitive strategy revisited: contested concepts and dynamic capabilities. Construction Management and Economics, 26(01), 63–78.

Haugbølle, K, Larsen, J N and Nielsen, J (2019) Construction productivity revisited: towards measuring performance of construction output. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 26(05), 794–813.

Kao, C-C, Green, S D and Larsen, G D (2009) Emergent discourses of construction competitiveness: localized learning and embeddedness. Construction Management and Economics, 27(10), 1005–17.

Koch, C and Larsen, A (2018) Performance of Retrofit with ICT of Social Housing – Proving Technology Optimists Wrong?. In: Gorse, C and Neilson, C J (Eds.), Proceedings 34th Annual ARCOM Conference, 3-5 September 2018, Queen’s University, Belfast, UK. Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 667–676.

  • Type: Conference Proceedings
  • Keywords: Retrofit , Information Technology, Performance, Stakeholder
  • ISBN/ISSN: 978-0-9955463-2-5
  • URL: http://www.arcom.ac.uk/-docs/proceedings/b7a8380f2b03afa9ef555dc48577eb1c.pdf
  • Abstract:

    The costs of social housing retrofit are critical, for social housing companies, for efforts to build sustainable cities and for society. Compared to avaible resources, they are deemed costly, and there is a need to improve productivity. One approach is to realise digital integration and (partial) automation processes creating more performative digital practices. However what digitalisation should target and its scope is difficult to decide. Even standard concepts like Virtual Design and Construction come in many variants. And to capture the performance gain of digitalisation requires measurement methods, while most methods are designed for new built and production, and does not appreciate the costs and values that characterize retrofit using digital practices.

    This paper aims at conceptualizing a method for understanding performance in digitalized retrofit of social housing. A review of approaches to productivity, efficiency and performance is done. Produced values are multidimensional and cannot meaningfully be reduced to costs per m2. Performance is proposed conceptualized as values produced for clients, tenants and companies, and the compared to costs and effects of the digital practices. The context is two phases of a large Scandinavian retrofit project, which is followed by a longitudinal study using a mixed method approach. The social housing consists of 900 apartments in blocks and in row houses at 70.000 m2. The refurbishment encompasses new bath rooms, ventilation and parts of the building envelope. A gradual VDC implementation is carried out, rather than an ambitious overall implementation. The performance is dependent of hybrid IT and organizational practices, where the interaction with tenants is important. It is therefore a hybrid set of factors that lever performance. It is intense coordination among the contractors, it is continual communication and interaction with tenants and it is the craftsmen’s learning during production that improve the performance over time, with a more indirect effect of ICT use. Technology optimism or not, it is not technology alone that improves the performance.

Koch, C and Larsen, C S (2006) Quality in construction: a supply chain perspective. In: Boyd, D (Ed.), Proceedings 22nd Annual ARCOM Conference, 4-6 September 2006 Birmingham, UK. Association of Researchers in Construction Management, Vol. 1, 459–69.

Koch, C and Larsen, C S (2007) User driven innovation in mobile technologies?. In: Boyd, D (Ed.), Proceedings 23rd Annual ARCOM Conference, 3-5 September 2007, Belfast, UK. Association of Researchers in Construction Management, Vol. 2, 481–91.

Larsen, G D (2005) A Polymorphic Framework for Understanding the Diffusion of Innovations within the UK Construction Industry, Unpublished PhD Thesis, School of Construction Management and Engineering, University of Reading.

Larsen, G D (2005) Horses for courses: relating innovation diffusion concepts to the stages of the diffusion process. Construction Management and Economics, 23(08), 787-92.

Larsen, G D (2011) Understanding the early stages of the innovation diffusion process: awareness, influence and communication networks. Construction Management and Economics, 29(10), 987–1002.

Larsen, G D and Ballal, T M A (2005) The diffusion of innovations within a UKCI context: an explanatory framework. Construction Management and Economics, 23(01), 81-91.

Larsen, G D and Whyte, J (2013) Safe construction through design: perspectives from the site team. Construction Management and Economics, 31(06), 675-90.

Larsen, J, K, Lindhard, S, M, Brunoe, T. D and Jensen, KN (2018) The Relation between Pre-planning, Commissioning and Enhanced Project Performance. Construction Economics and Building, 18(02), 1-14.

Lindhard, S and Larsen, J K (2016) Identifying the key process factors affecting project performance. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 23(05), 657-73.

Maradza, E, Whyte, J and Larsen, G D (2014) Interactive learning in UK construction practice: examining the role of BIM process standards. In: Raiden, A and Aboagye-Nimo, E (Eds.), Proceedings 30th Annual ARCOM Conference, 1-3 September 2014, Portsmouth, UK, Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 613–22.

Marsh, R, Larsen, V G and Kragh, M (2010) Housing and energy in Denmark: past, present, and future challenges. Building Research & Information, 38(01), 92–106.

Mejlænder-Larsen, & (2017) Using a change control system and building information modelling to manage change in design. Architectural Engineering and Design Management, 13(01), 39–51.

Mejlænder-Larsen, & (2019) A three-step process for reporting progress in detail engineering using BIM, based on experiences from oil and gas projects. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 26(04), 648–67.

Piroozfar, P, Altan, H and Popovic-Larsen, O (2012) Design for sustainability: A comparative study of a customized modern method of construction versus conventional methods of construction. Architectural Engineering and Design Management, 8(01), 55-75.

Rohde, L, Jensen, R L, Larsen, O K, Jønsson, K T and Larsen, T S (2021) Holistic indoor environmental quality assessment as a driver in early building design. Building Research & Information, 49(04), 460–81.

Rohde, L, Steen Larsen, T, Jensen, R L, Larsen, O K, Jønsson, K T and Loukou, E (2020) Determining indoor environmental criteria weights through expert panels and surveys. Building Research & Information, 48(04), 415–28.