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Boyd, P and Schweber, L (2018) Unintended consequences: institutional artefacts, closure mechanisms and the performance gap. Building Research & Information, 46(01), 10–22.

Darby, S J (2018) Smart technology in the home: time for more clarity. Building Research & Information, 46(01), 140–7.

Frances, Z and Stevenson, F (2018) Domestic photovoltaic systems: the governance of occupant use. Building Research & Information, 46(01), 23–41.

Gram-Hanssen, K and Georg, S (2018) Energy performance gaps: promises, people, practices. Building Research & Information, 46(01), 1–9.

Hansen, A R, Gram-Hanssen, K and Knudsen, H N (2018) How building design and technologies influence heat-related habits. Building Research & Information, 46(01), 83–98.

  • Type: Journal Article
  • Keywords: adaptive comfort; energy; housing; occupant behaviour; performance gap; practice theory; rebound effect; space heating; thermal comfort;
  • ISBN/ISSN: 0961-3218
  • URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/09613218.2017.1335477
  • Abstract:
    The discrepancy between calculated heat demand and measured heat consumption – the performance gap – suggests that the energy efficiency of houses affects the energy-consuming habits of its occupants. This coincides with the theories of practice describing how materiality affects practices through reconfiguring practical understandings, e.g. comfort expectations. Heat-related habits are investigated in the paper across material contexts, e.g. building characteristics and technologies. Evidence based on a combined questionnaire survey and administrative data on occupants (n = 1216) living in single-family detached houses in Denmark shows that the practices of adjusting thermostats and the amount of clothing worn indoors as well as perceived indoor temperature correlate with building characteristics, e.g. energy efficiency of the building envelope and technical installations. These correlations are moderated by the socio-demographic characteristics of occupants. However, building characteristics are found to be less influential on the frequency of opening windows. The results indicate that occupants dress warmer and keep lower temperatures in energy-inefficient houses. This suggests that material arrangements have a significant influence on occupant expectations and practices, which lead to increased indoor temperatures and energy demand. A challenge for building regulations will be to account for how energy efficient house characteristics and technologies adversely affect occupants’ energy-consuming behaviour.

Hargreaves, T, Wilson, C and Hauxwell-Baldwin, R (2018) Learning to live in a smart home. Building Research & Information, 46(01), 127–39.

Madsen, L V (2018) Materialities shape practices and notions of comfort in everyday life. Building Research & Information, 46(01), 71–82.

Palm, J, Ellegård, K and Hellgren, M (2018) A cluster analysis of energy-consuming activities in everyday life. Building Research & Information, 46(01), 99–113.

Sunikka-Blank, M, Galvin, R and Behar, C (2018) Harnessing social class, taste and gender for more effective policies. Building Research & Information, 46(01), 114–26.

van den Brom, P, Meijer, A and Visscher, H (2018) Performance gaps in energy consumption: household groups and building characteristics. Building Research & Information, 46(01), 54–70.

Wade, F, Murtagh, N and Hitchings, R (2018) Managing professional jurisdiction and domestic energy use. Building Research & Information, 46(01), 42–53.