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Armitage, P, Godoy-Shimizu, D, Steemers, K and Chenvidyakarn, T (2015) Using Display Energy Certificates to quantify public sector office energy consumption. Building Research & Information, 43(06), 691-709.

  • Type: Journal Article
  • Keywords: benchmarks; building stock; CO2 emissions; display energy certificates; energy use; non-domestic stock; offices
  • URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/09613218.2014.975416
  • Abstract:

    The influence of internal and external characteristics on energy use in the public sector office stock in England and Wales is explored using a database of 2600 Display Energy Certificates (DECs) combined with other sources of disaggregated office information. The DEC office benchmarks are shown to match the median fossil thermal and electrical consumptions well. Analyses of heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC), size, occupancy density, building age, location and rateable value are considered. While newer offices are shown to have lower typical fossil-thermal consumption than older offices, this is counterbalanced by higher electrical consumption, resulting in higher typical CO2 emissions. This has implications for the UK’s emissions reduction targets for 2050, indicating that while building regulations that focus on thermal performance have been successful, a focus on electrical consumption (both regulated and unregulated) is key. The results are also compared with existing benchmarks for all UK offices, splitting the sample into four generic types, and compared with a similar smaller study of private offices. This indicates that public offices typically used less energy than the general benchmarks had previously predicted, particularly for prestige offices.

Delghust, M, Roelens, W, Tanghe, T, De Weerdt, Y and Janssens, A (2015) Regulatory energy calculations versus real energy use in high-performance houses. Building Research & Information, 43(06), 675-90.

Fedoruk, L E, Cole, R J, Robinson, J B and Cayuela, A (2015) Learning from failure: Understanding the anticipated-achieved building energy performance gap. Building Research & Information, 43(06), 750-63.

Galvin, R (2015) Integrating the rebound effect: Accurate predictors for upgrading domestic heating. Building Research & Information, 43(06), 710-22.

Moore, S A, Gelfand, S and Whitsett, D (2015) Epistemological conflict: Modern and non-modern frameworks for sustainability. Building Research & Information, 43(06), 659-74.

Perez-Bella, J M, Dominguez-Hernandez, J, Cano-Suñen, E, Del Coz-Diaz, J J and Alvarez Rabanal, F P (2015) Improvement alternatives for determining the watertightness performance of building facades. Building Research & Information, 43(06), 723-36.

Sanchez-Guevara, C, Fernandez, A S and Aja, A H (2015) Income, energy expenditure and housing in Madrid: Retrofitting policy implications. Building Research & Information, 43(06), 737-49.