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d'Amato, M and Kauko, T (2012) Sustainability and risk premium estimation in property valuation and assessment of worth. Building Research & Information, 40(02), 174-85.

Donn, M, Selkowitz, S and Bordass, B (2012) The building performance sketch. Building Research & Information, 40(02), 186-208.

Kleindienst, S and Andersen, M (2012) Comprehensive annual daylight design through a goal-based approach. Building Research & Information, 40(02), 154-73.

Larsson, J, Eriksson, P E, Lingegård, S and Järvenpää, A (2022) Innovation outcomes and processes in infrastructure projects – a comparative study of Design-Build and Design-Build-Maintenance contracts. Construction Management and Economics, 40(02), 142–56.

Leiringer, R, Gottlieb, S C, Fang, Y and Mo, X (2022) In search of sustainable construction: the role of building environmental assessment methods as policies enforcing green building. Construction Management and Economics, 40(02), 104–22.

Sage, D, Dainty, A and Brookes, N (2012) A 'Strategy-as-Practice' exploration of lean construction strategizing. Building Research & Information, 40(02), 221-30.

Sandberg, N H and Brattebø, H (2012) Analysis of energy and carbon flows in the future Norwegian dwelling stock. Building Research & Information, 40(02), 123-39.

Schlegel, M, Trutnevyte, E and Scholz, R W (2012) Patterns of residential heat demand in rural Switzerland. Building Research & Information, 40(02), 140-53.

  • Type: Journal Article
  • Keywords: building stocks; dispersed settlements; energy reduction; residential heat demand reduction; housing stock; rural area; nucleated villages
  • ISBN/ISSN: 0961-3218
  • URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/09613218.2011.650005
  • Abstract:
    Heat demand reduction mitigates the negative consequences of energy use. Recent reduction potential analyses have focused on city or country levels, yet European rural areas also show considerable heat consumption, although they have rarely been investigated. This paper locates the major residential heat consumers in rural areas and identifies the related building types. The case of the rural, pre-alpine Swiss canton (state) of Appenzell Ausserrhoden with 20 municipalities is used for analysis. Its current demand patterns are examined with respect to buildings' construction periods, heating system types and energy carriers. Spatial differences, especially between nucleated (densely settled) villages and dispersed settlements, are observed. Specific final heat demand per heated area and occupant is similar in both settlement types, equalling 0.5 GJ/m2/year and 32 GJ/cap/year. In terms of specific useful heat demand, buildings in nucleated villages consume one-tenth more than in dispersed settlements, and in nucleated villages up to 86% of that heat stems from fossil fuels. Thus, to increase import independence and demand equality, and mitigate climate change, these buildings should be primary targets. The results provide a foundation for creating efficient, evidence-based policy for heat demand reduction in rural municipalities but should be coupled with investigating socio-economic, epistemic and cultural aspects of heat demand.

Sharafi, A, Amalnick, M S and Taleizadeh, A A (2022) Optimal readjustment of contract variables and the financial outcome of PPP projects in the operation period. Construction Management and Economics, 40(02), 87–103.

Soliman-Junior, J, Tzortzopoulos, P and Kagioglou, M (2022) Designers’ perspective on the use of automation to support regulatory compliance in healthcare building projects. Construction Management and Economics, 40(02), 123–41.

Tennant, S and Fernie, S (2012) The commercial currency of construction framework agreements. Building Research & Information, 40(02), 209-20.