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Berg, J B, Thuesen, C, Ernstsen, S K and Jensen, P A (2021) Reconfiguring the construction value chain: analysing key sources of friction in the business model archetypes of AEC companies in strategic partnerships. Construction Management and Economics, 39(06), 533–48.

Crawford, R H and Pullen, S (2011) Life cycle water analysis of a residential building and its occupants. Building Research & Information, 39(06), 589–602.

Ershadi, M, Jefferies, M, Davis, P and Mojtahedi, M (2021) Project management offices in the construction industry: a literature review and qualitative synthesis of success variables. Construction Management and Economics, 39(06), 493–512.

Forster, A M, Carter, K, Banfill, P F G and Kayan, B (2011) Green maintenance for historic masonry buildings: an emerging concept. Building Research & Information, 39(06), 654–64.

Godoy-Shimizu, D, Armitage, P, Steemers, K and Chenvidyakarn, T (2011) Using Display Energy Certificates to quantify schools' energy consumption. Building Research & Information, 39(06), 535–52.

  • Type: Journal Article
  • Keywords: benchmarks, building stock, CO2 emissions, Display Energy Certificates, energy use, schools
  • ISBN/ISSN: 0961-3218
  • URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/09613218.2011.628457
  • Abstract:
    The UK non-domestic sector accounts for 2 million buildings and 19% of national CO2 emissions, representing a significant opportunity for emission reductions. However, substantial improvement of the stock requires a greater understanding of current energy performance characteristics. This paper explores energy consumption in English schools, using data from the Display Energy Certificates (DECs) database. DECs are a key step in understanding the non-domestic stock, incorporating national-scale statistical data, covering bottom-up details of the individual buildings. Significant variations in emissions between primary and secondary schools and academies exist, primarily caused by large differences in electricity consumption. Considering pupil numbers is shown to accentuate the differences, revealing a 47% rise in CO2 emissions per pupil from primary to secondary schools, and a further increase between secondary schools and academies. The extent to which building characteristics, including location, heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) and size, influence performance has also been evaluated. Location, HVAC and school density are shown to correlate with variations in energy use. Finally, a comparison of current school performance against past data reveals considerable reductions in fossil-thermal energy consumption over the last decade. However, this has been offset by a significant increase in electricity consumption, resulting in rising typical emissions across the school types.

Jay, I and Bowen, P (2011) What residents value in low-cost housing schemes: some South African concepts. Building Research & Information, 39(06), 574–88.

Jensen, J S, Gottlieb, S C and Thuesen, C L (2011) Construction sector development: frames and governance responses. Building Research & Information, 39(06), 665–77.

Jeschke, K N, Waldorff, S B, Dyreborg, J, Kines, P and Ajslev, J Z N (2021) Complaining about occupational safety and health: a barrier for collaboration between managers and workers on construction sites. Construction Management and Economics, 39(06), 459–74.

Kordi, N E, Belayutham, S and Che Ibrahim, C K I (2021) Mapping of social sustainability attributes to stakeholders’ involvement in construction project life cycle. Construction Management and Economics, 39(06), 513–32.

Lucke, T and Beecham, S (2011) Field investigation of clogging in a permeable pavement system. Building Research & Information, 39(06), 603–15.

Pryke, S D, Zagkli, G and Kougia, I (2011) Resource provision ego-networks in small Greek construction firms. Building Research & Information, 39(06), 616–36.

Sigrid Nordby, A (2011) Carbon reductions and building regulations: the case of Norwegian mountain cabins. Building Research & Information, 39(06), 553–65.

Silva, A, Dias, J L, Gaspar, P L and de Brito, J (2011) Service life prediction models for exterior stone cladding. Building Research & Information, 39(06), 637–53.

Stafford, A (2011) Long-term monitoring and performance of ground source heat pumps. Building Research & Information, 39(06), 566–73.

Zhang, R P and Bowen, P (2021) Work-family role blurring and conflict among South African construction professionals. Construction Management and Economics, 39(06), 475–92.