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Baharudin, M R, Nasruddin, H N, Rahman, A A, Mahadi, M R and Noor, S B M (2018) Numerical model for individual time calculation for evacuation among secondary students. International Journal of Building Pathology and Adaptation, 36(05), 450–70.

  • Type: Journal Article
  • Keywords: CVR; CVI; Evacuation time; Human characteristics; KAP; Travel distances;
  • ISBN/ISSN: 2398-4708
  • URL: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJBPA-11-2017-0059
  • Abstract:
    The purpose of this paper is to design a numerical model to calculate the individual evacuation time among secondary students based on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP), human characteristics and travel distances. Design/methodology/approach Validated KAP questionnaires were distributed among 290 respondents. The KAP level was obtained based on the assigned scores. During a fire drill, the individual evacuation time was calculated by using personal digital watch while the travel distances were recorded and measured. A linear numerical model was derived by using multiple linear regression to identify the significant variables and the coefficients. Findings The CVI, CVR and Cronbach’s α value (0.75, 0.59 and 0.7, respectively) which are greater than minimum accepted level proved the reliability and consistency of the instrument. The evacuation time prediction by the developed numerical model showed strong correlation with the actual time (R=0.95). The regression analysis found that 89 per cent proportion of variance in the evacuation time are determined by the predictors. Based on the linear equation, it found that the decrease in weight, knowledge level and walking speed while increase in BMI, flat and stair travel distances could increase evacuation time. From the six significant variables, weight, walking speed, flat and stair distances showed significant correlation in the model with p<0.001, while BMI and knowledge showed p<0.05. The integration with mobility factors expand the formula which applicable within dynamic fire scenario. Research limitations/implications The involvement of examination students in the study is restricted by the Ministry of Education Malaysia to avoid interruption of learning session which limited the data representation. Originality/value Instead of using the traditional direct measurement of the evacuation time, the developed numerical model is an alternative convenient approach which could be used as one of the pre-assessment tool to identify the level of safety among students. The low cost and shorter time application of this model become one of the greatest advantages compared to other available approaches. The calculated individual evacuation time could be used directly to develop a better fire safety policy.

Chung, H C P and Adeyeye, K (2018) Structural flood damage and the efficacy of property-level flood protection. International Journal of Building Pathology and Adaptation, 36(05), 471–99.

Esteves, I C, Medeiros-Junior, R A and Medeiros, M H (2018) NDT for bridges durability assessment on urban-industrial environment in Brazil. International Journal of Building Pathology and Adaptation, 36(05), 500–15.

Gluch, P and Svensson, I (2018) On the nexus of changing public facilities management practices: purposive and co-creative actions across multiple levels. Construction Management and Economics, 36(05), 259–75.

Green, S D, Harty, C, Elmualim, A A, Larsen, G D and Kao, C C (2008) On the discourse of construction competitiveness. Building Research & Information, 36(05), 426–35.

Hartmann, A, Reymen, I M M J and Van Oosterom, G (2008) Factors constituting the innovation adoption environment of public clients. Building Research & Information, 36(05), 436–49.

Lee, C and Moudon, A V (2008) Neighbourhood design and physical activity. Building Research & Information, 36(05), 395–411.

Loosemore, M and Bridgeman, J (2018) The social impact of construction industry schools-based corporate volunteering. Construction Management and Economics, 36(05), 243–58.

Malmqvist, T (2008) Environmental rating methods: selecting indoor environmental quality (IEQ) aspects and indicators. Building Research & Information, 36(05), 466–85.

McDermott, V, Zhang, R P, Hopkins, A and Hayes, J (2018) Constructing safety: investigating senior executive long-term incentive plans and safety objectives in the construction sector. Construction Management and Economics, 36(05), 276–90.

Moon, H J and Augenbroe, G (2008) Empowerment of decision-makers in mould remediation. Building Research & Information, 36(05), 486–98.

Oswald, D, Sherratt, F, Smith, S D and Hallowell, M R (2018) Exploring safety management challenges for multi-national construction workforces: a UK case study. Construction Management and Economics, 36(05), 291–301.

Palaneeswaran, E, Love, P E D, Kumaraswamy, M M and Ng, T S T (2008) Mapping rework causes and effects using artificial neural networks. Building Research & Information, 36(05), 450–65.

Sanni-Anibire, M O, Hassanain, M A, Mahmoud, A S and Ahmed, W (2018) An evaluation of the functional performance of research and academic laboratories using the space syntax approach. International Journal of Building Pathology and Adaptation, 36(05), 516–28.

Sartori, I, Bergsdal, H, Muller, D B and Brattebo, H (2008) Towards modelling of construction, renovation and demolition activities: Norway's dwelling stock, 1900–2100. Building Research & Information, 36(05), 412–25.

Shirleyana, Hawken, S and Sunindijo, R Y (2018) City of Kampung: risk and resilience in the urban communities of Surabaya, Indonesia. International Journal of Building Pathology and Adaptation, 36(05), 543–68.

Yazdani Mehr, S and Wilkinson, S (2018) Technical issues and energy efficient adaptive reuse of heritage listed city halls in Queensland Australia. International Journal of Building Pathology and Adaptation, 36(05), 529–42.