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Blong, R (2004) Residential building damage and natural perils: Australian examples and issues. Building Research & Information, 32(05), 379–90.

Comerio, M C (2004) Public policy for reducing earthquake risks: a US perspective. Building Research & Information, 32(05), 403–13.

Freeman, P K (2004) Allocation of post-disaster reconstruction financing to housing. Building Research & Information, 32(05), 427–37.

Gibb, A, Lingard, H, Behm, M and Cooke, T (2014) Construction accident causality: learning from different countries and differing consequences. Construction Management and Economics, 32(05), 446-59.

Hegazy, T and Saad, D A (2014) A microeconomic perspective on infrastructure rehabilitation. Construction Management and Economics, 32(05), 433-45.

Jacobsson, M and Roth, P (2014) Towards a shift in mindset: partnering projects as engagement platforms. Construction Management and Economics, 32(05), 419-32.

Jewell, C, Flanagan, R and Lu, W (2014) The dilemma of scope and scale for construction professional service firms. Construction Management and Economics, 32(05), 473-86.

Lam, T and Gale, K (2014) Highway maintenance: impact of framework agreements upon project financial performance. Construction Management and Economics, 32(05), 460-72.

Manfield, P, Ashmore, J and Corsellis, T (2004) Design of humanitarian tents for use in cold climates. Building Research & Information, 32(05), 368–78.

  • Type: Journal Article
  • Keywords: cold-climate shelter; disaster response; humanitarian aid; insulated shelter; risk; shelter policy; shelter; SPHERE standards; tents; transitional settlement
  • ISBN/ISSN: 0961-3218
  • URL: http://journalsonline.tandf.co.uk/link.asp?id=13y4dtlct06x0cdj
  • Abstract:
    Extreme climatic risks pose significant challenges to displaced populations that often lack adequate shelter. Contemporary policy documents concerning emergency shelter reveal that the scope of shelter-associated risk is much wider than simply exposure to the elements and includes a significant social dimension. However, disparity exists between implicitly accepted risks described in aid agency literature and field practice. Experience in recent disaster assistance programmes in Kosovo and Afghanistan illustrates how ill equipped the aid community is to deal with cold weather affecting transitional settlements. A review of the environmental risks associated with living in tented accommodation in cold climates reveals the difficulty of providing thermal comfort and fire safety in both heated and unheated tents. In addition, social surveys and field trials with displaced populations in Afghanistan illustrate that shelter is used, perceived and valued differently according to the ethnic and cultural background of occupants, and that these are also factors that impact on the risks they bear. Several design recommendations and guides for the use of cold climate relief tents are made, whilst acknowledging that the provision of alternative, longer-term shelter provision during the phase of emergency response is nearly always preferable.

Schilderman, T (2004) Adapting traditional shelter for disaster mitigation and reconstruction: experiences with community-based approaches. Building Research & Information, 32(05), 414–26.

Spence, R (2004) Risk and regulation: can improved government action reduce the impacts of natural disasters?. Building Research & Information, 32(05), 391–402.

White, R R (2004) Managing and interpreting uncertainty for climate change risk. Building Research & Information, 32(05), 438–48.