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Barraza, G A (2011) Probabilistic Estimation and Allocation of Project Time Contingency. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 137(04), 259–65.
- Type: Journal Article
- Keywords: Monte Carlo method; Project management; Scheduling; Simulation; Contingency; Monte Carlo method; Project management; Scheduling; Simulation;
- ISBN/ISSN: 0733-9364
- URL: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000280
Project managers implement the concept of time contingency to consider uncertainty in duration estimates and prevent project completion delays. Some project managers also build a distribution of the project time contingency into the project activities to create a more manageable schedule. Generally, both the estimation and distribution of the project time contingency are conducted by using subjective approaches. Because the project schedule feasibility mainly depends on the variable behavior of the project activities, the estimate of project time contingency and its allocation at the activity level should be obtained by considering the performance variability of each activity rather than basing on human judgment. In this paper, the stochastic allocation of project allowances method, which is based on Monte Carlo simulation, is proposed to estimate the project time contingency and allocate it among the project activities. The application of this method to a three-span bridge project results in a fair allocation of the project time contingency and provides practical means to control time contingencies at the activity level.