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Bowlby, R L and Schriver, W R (1986) Observations on productivity and composition of building output in the United States, 1972-82. Construction Management and Economics, 4(01), 1-18.

  • Type: Journal Article
  • Keywords: industry composition; productivity
  • ISBN/ISSN: 0144-6193
  • URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/01446198600000001
  • Abstract:

    Analysis of US productivity data indicates seven compositional changes in building. These are (a) a shift toward more and higher multi-storey buildings, (b) a shift toward smaller buildings, measured by floor area, (c) a shift toward rural areas and away from metropolitan ones, (d) a shift toward starts during the seasonal construction peak and away from winter, (e) a shift toward expensive end-user types, most notably office buildings, schools, hospitals and government buildings, and away from factories and warehouses, (f) a shift toward steel, concrete or reinforced concrete, and load bearing construction away from prefabricated or wall bearing construction, or (g) a shift toward Northern or (less clearly) Western states.