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Benjaoran, V and Bhokha, S (2009) Enhancing visualization of 4D CAD model compared to conventional methods. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 16(04), 392–408.

  • Type: Journal Article
  • Keywords: business planning; computer aided design; construction operations; simulation
  • ISBN/ISSN: 0969-9988
  • URL: http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/mcb/286/2009/00000016/00000004/art00006
  • Abstract:
    Purpose - The 4D CAD model has been accepted for better conceptualizing and comprehending the sequences and spatial constraints in a construction schedule. The purpose of this paper is to identify the deficiencies of the visualization of the 4D CAD model and to propose improvements. Design/methodology/approach - The presentation abilities of the existing 4D CAD model are analyzed and compared with the other conventional methods, namely Gantt chart, network diagram, and the calendar. Four aspects of the visualization are addressed, namely the overview of a schedule, the duration of an activity, the relationship of an activity, and the project progress tracking. The proposed improvements employed different visual properties of 3D CAD objects such as color, line weight, and line type to represent the different activities' performing statuses. A prototype of the 4D CAD model with enhanced visualization was developed on a construction project case. Findings - The model evaluation showed that this development could enhance the visualization of the 4D CAD model and provide a more informative construction schedule. Original/value - It is anticipated that the 4D CAD model with these enhancements can substitute for conventional presentation methods of construction schedules.