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Bártolo, H M G and Bártolo, P J S (2002) Borrowing from nature to support architectural design. In: Greenwood, D (Ed.), Proceedings 18th Annual ARCOM Conference, 2-4 September 2002, Northumbria, UK. Association of Researchers in Construction Management, Vol. 1, 155–64.

  • Type: Conference Proceedings
  • Keywords: design by nature; design by human; architectural design; computational tools
  • ISBN/ISSN: 0 9534161 7 8
  • URL: http://www.arcom.ac.uk/-docs/proceedings/ar2002-155-164_Bártolo_and_Bártolo.pdf
  • Abstract:

    During billion of years of natural evolution, the planet’s ecosystems have organized in subtle and complex ways to maximize sustainability. This is a process of past, present and future transformation, as each natural organism is part of a population of similar organisms that evolved to get the survival characteristics required by the environment. Through amazing examples of adaptability transformations performed by these natural organisms, it is clear that this extraordinary fitness process can be transposed to the design field. Architectural design can then be considered an integration of two distinct processes: design by human and design by nature. Design by nature can be defined as an optimized problem-solving process performed by natural organisms to successfully respond to the challenges imposed by environments, to support and optimize the other problem-solving processes that characterizes the design by human activity.This paper focuses on the application of principles borrowed from nature to develop computational tools. These principles to be effective and easily implemented must be embedded into computational systems, constituting important tools to support the problem-solving activity that characterizes the design by human process. They should also induce into the computer the ability to identify sustainable design strategies. Further, a proper chain of computer-tools and procedures are proposed to optimize the understanding and collaboration of design participants.