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Boadu, E F, Wang, C C and Sunindijo, R Y (2021) Challenges for occupational health and safety enforcement in the construction industry in Ghana. Construction Economics and Building, 21(01), 01-21.
- Type: Journal Article
- Keywords: construction industry; Ghana.; OHS; challenges; enforcement
- URL: https://doi.org/10.5130/AJCEB.v21i1.7482
Many previous studies have reported that the occupational health and safety (OHS) enforcement is poor in developing countries, however these studies have mainly focused on the broader enforcement problems and not fully considered the challenges confronting the institutions responsible for enforcing OHS standards at workplaces. In this study, twelve potential challenges were identified from an extensive literature review, then an empirical investigation was carried out via a questionnaire survey from OHS inspectors and professionals in the Ghanaian construction industry. The twelve challenges were confirmed and ranked. Also, analysis of variance (ANOVA) and correlation were used to determine the statistical significance of the responses and the relationships between the challenges. Based on these findings, this study provides practical strategies for government, OHS inspectors and other professionals within the construction industry to improve the OHS enforcement. The research findings can also be adopted as a basis to assess challenges confronting OHS institutions in other developing countries.