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Chahrour, R, Hafeez, M A, Ahmad, A M, Sulieman, H I, Dawood, H, Rodriguez-Trejo, S, Kassem, M, Naji, K K and Dawood, N (2021) Cost-benefit analysis of BIM-enabled design clash detection and resolution. Construction Management and Economics, 39(01), 55–72.
- Type: Journal Article
- Keywords: Building Information Modelling (BIM); cost estimation; clash detection; BIM savings; BIM case study; cost benefit analysis;
- ISBN/ISSN: 0144-6193
- URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/01446193.2020.1802768
Building Information Modelling (BIM) is increasingly deployed as part of the processes in Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry projects. While the benefits of BIM have been extensively proclaimed, explicit justification in terms of direct cost savings for BIM implementation on real-life projects, particularly for clash detection BIM workstream, are not well documented. This paper proposes and demonstrates a methodology to prove how BIM-based clash detection leads to cost savings. A schema is developed based on literature review and industrial expertise to quantify cost savings achieved by the utilisation of BIM-based clash detection and resolution. This paper provides validation of the proposed schema on a major infrastructure project. The developed schema includes the categorisation of identified clashes based on stakeholder involvement and required actions. The validation used the estimated cost of clashes were those not resolved before site operations took place. This schema simplifies both the categorisation and cost estimation of clashes in design. Estimated savings yielded 20% of contract value using the schema, for the multi-million-dollar project case study, thus extending evidence of BIM savings and benefits. The schema improves the existing process and valorises clash detection, thus allowing stakeholders to conduct a cost-benefit analysis. In addition, the categorisation methodology allows prioritising on the most costly clashes, and draw lessons learnt for further projects. This schema opens the path towards a systematic methodology to appraise the benefits of different BIM uses or processes.