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Chiba, Y, Prabhakar, S, Islam, M A and Akber, M A (2018) Priority practices for addressing non-economic loss and damages caused by cyclones in Bangladesh. International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment, 9(04–05), 333–47.

  • Type: Journal Article
  • Keywords: Bangladesh; Disaster risk reduction; Analytic hierarchy process; Climate change adaptation; Non-economic loss and damage; Cyclone Aila;
  • ISBN/ISSN: 1759-5908
  • URL: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJDRBE-11-2017-0061
  • Abstract:
    This paper aims to identify and prioritize key non-economic loss and damages (NELDs) caused by the 2009 Cyclone Aila in Khulna District of Bangladesh and to identify appropriate practices to address the NELDs. Design/methodology/approach The analytic hierarchy process was applied to prioritize key criteria, NELD indicators and practices that should be integrated into disaster risk reduction decisions at the local level. Findings The results showed the need for prioritizing NELDs at the local level, and especially for integrating into DRR policy and planning for addressing NELDs. The results indicated that the national disaster management plan could be enhanced to address issues related to inaccessible sanitation, waterborne diseases and mental disorders, and the school discontinuation. Research limitations/implications The results are specific to Bangladesh. Readers may find them applicable to other similar country situations. Practical implications The suggested risk reduction practices for addressing NELDs are effective for policymakers to prepare for the future extreme cyclone disasters. Social implications The study identifies “compliance with societal value” as an important criterion for decision-making in the affected communities. Societal value can be a basis to determine effective practices to address the NELDs. Originality/value To the best of the authors’ knowledge, the study is the first ever effort to identify and prioritize NELDs of cyclones in the coastal areas of Bangladesh and therefore might have a greater implication for DRR policy of Bangladesh.