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Amos, D, Au-Yong, C P and Musa, Z N (2020) Developing key performance indicators for hospital facilities management services: a developing country perspective. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 27(09), 2715–35.

  • Type: Journal Article
  • Keywords: Performance measurement; Hospital support services; Principal component; Ghana;
  • ISBN/ISSN: 0969-9988
  • URL: https://doi.org/10.1108/ECAM-11-2019-0642
  • Abstract:
    Key performance indicators (KPIs) help to monitor performance, thereby revealing the gap between planned and executed results relative to organizational objectives. The purpose of this paper is to develop KPIs for performance measurement of facilities management (FM) services in public hospitals.Design/methodology/approach Following a comprehensive literature review of KPIs in FM, a set of KPIs were first selected. This was then subjected to content validation by experts. Thereafter a questionnaire survey was conducted to identify participants perception on the level of importance of the proposed KPIs. The main analytical tool used was SPSS factor analysis/principal component extraction.Findings Adapting an expanded balanced scorecard typology, the paper identifies 17 KPIs, which are useful for performance improvement of FM. The study also introduces new financial dimensions beyond the traditional cost and profit-centered metrics.Research limitations/implications The study was limited to three FM services. Although the results of the Kruskal–Wallis test shows no significant difference in the level of importance on more than 80% of the indicators, larger sample is required in future studies to examine indicator preference for the respective services. An empirical study to test the proposed indicators to measure FM performance could also be a next step.Originality/value The paper presents the first step to develop performance indicators, which are of relevance to FM performance measurement and could be utilized to improve performance. The indicators are largely generic and can easily be adapted by other FM service sectors for performance measurement.